Did you just buy a brand-new AnyCast dongle, or a Q2 Wi Fi Display Dongle? You’ve connected it to your TV, and now you see the message containing 192.168.49.1. Don’t know what to do with this IP address? Don’t worry – we’re here to help. You will find all the information you need about the IP address in the title as well as how to set up your dongle.
Before we explain how to set up your dongle we want you to know a few basics about IP addresses. While this information is not essential for the dongle setup process, it will help you understand IP addresses more generally. This will help you understand how devices in your home network communicate with one another, how they communicate with the router and how they get online.
The following chapters will help you to increase your knowledge on IP addresses. If you’re just looking for step-by-step instructions on how to install your dongle and where to enter 192.168.49.1, skip the introduction and read the last two chapters.
What are IP Addresses? Why do we need them and what can they do for us?
An IP address is used to identify devices that are connected to a network. Every device that connects to any network, including the internet, must have an unique IP address. This is similar to a citizen having a unique street address or social security number. Without it, a device can’t receive or send data and can’t communicate with other devices.
IP protocols define the form of an IP address. IPv4 is the current protocol. We also have the IPv6 protocol, but this one is designed for future purposes, and it hasn’t been implemented yet.
According to the IPv4 protocol every IP address is 32-bit string (ones and zeros), divided into 4 segments (octets). Each octet is eight bits long, as its name suggests. This is the binary version of an IP Address. This form is used in our devices and network equipment.
When we want to handle IP addresses, assign them manually to our devices, or adjust some IP address ranges, we don’t deal with ones and zeros. Instead, we deal in actual numbers (like 192.168.49.1). Every IP address can be converted from binary (ones or zeros) to decimal (numbers) or vice versa.
Every octet within an IP address is possible to be converted into a number from 0 through 255. These two numbers are important. An octet containing eight zeros is converted to zero. While an octet containing eight ones converts into 255. Any other eight-bit combination will result in a number between the two. When you convert an IP address (32 bits divided into four octets), to decimal form you get a sequence consisting of four numbers, each number separated by dots. Similar to the IP address in the title.
The total number unique IPv4 addresses in the world is approximately. 4.3 billion (232). It is a huge number, and it may seem like more than enough, but it’s not. There are over 10 billion internet-connected devices worldwide. It is impossible to give a unique IP address permanent to every device connected via the internet with only 4.3 million addresses.
That’s why the IPv6 protocol was invented. This protocol defines an address as a string with 128 bits. It is sufficient to allow us to use a variety of combinations on every device connected via the internet.
The implementation can be complicated and take years. We had to find a way to extend the IPv4 protocol’s lifespan without increasing the available IP addresses or creating IP address conflicts. It was simple and involved creating blocks of private addresses and distinguishing between dynamic and static addresses. We will explain all these terms but first, let’s discuss the oldest classification of IP addresses.
Different classes of IP addresses
Five classes are used to group all 4.3 billion IPv4 address. Each class is intended for a particular purpose or a certain network size. On networks, Class A, B, and C are used. On the largest networks, Class-A addresses can be found (126 networks hosting up to 16.3 millions hosts per network), on medium-sized networks (16.384 networks with up 65.354 hosts/network), and on the smallest networks, Class-B addresses can be found on 16,384 networks hosting up to 65.354 hosts/network, and on Class-C addresses for the smallest networks (2.21 million networks hosting up to 254 hosts/network).
Class-D addresses can be used for multicast, and Class-E addresses can serve experimental purposes.
Both private and public addresses
Private IP addresses were the key to prolonging the IPv4 protocol’s life. There’s one dedicated block of private addresses within Class A, Class B, and Class C. All the other addresses are considered public. But what do these terms – public and private actually mean?
Private addresses can only be used on local area networks (devices that are connected to one physical location). Your home network is the most ideal example of a LAN network.
Each device connected to your Wi-Fi network has a private IP Address (usually 10.x.x.x.x, or 192.168.x.x). These addresses are used only for communication within the network.
Private IP addresses are used by devices to communicate with routers and each other through routers. Private IP addresses are not used for internet access – public addresses are used for that. What is the best way to get online? We need to first tell you what the default IP addresses are in order to answer this question.
What is a Default Internet Address?
Our routers (or gateways), are the hubs for our home Wi Fi networks. Manufacturers assign routers a private IP address. This address is called the default IP address. Other network devices such as range extenders, repeaters and access points have predefined default IP addresses. These addresses can also be private. Predefined default IP addresses are also available for some devices such as Wi-Fi cameras and USB streaming dongles.
The default IP address is always private and comes from one or more of the three blocks of dedicated private addresses. Manufacturers choose the subnet’s starting and ending IP addresses. This means that default IP addresses often end with 1 or sometimes 254. Most common default IPs are 192.168.0.1, 192.168.1.1, 192.168.2.1, 192.168.3.1, 10.0.0.1, 192.168.1.254, 192.168.0.254, etc.
Theoretically any private IP address could be a default one.
What can we do to get online?
Your router is connected to all devices in your home network. All communication between devices on your home network goes through your router. Requests for internet access are sent directly to your router.
As you know, routers come pre-configured with an IP address. This is also a private address. The router also has a pool of addresses, known as the DHCP pool. It assigns these addresses to all devices connected to it. All addresses in this pool and the default IP address belong to the exact same subnet. For example, if the router’s default IP is 192.168.1.1, all the addresses in the DHCP pool will begin with 192.168.1.x.
When your router assigns an address to your computer, phone or other device, this address allows that device to communicate with other devices within the same network. When you want to open a website on your device, you’re sending a request to the router. Your router searches the internet for the information and then sends it to you. But, wait. Wait.
Well, one thing we didn’t tell you is that your router has two addresses. The first address is a private, default IP address that the manufacturer has assigned to your router. It’s used to communicate with other devices on the same network. Your ISP will assign the second address. It is an IP address public that is used for internet access.
When your device requests internet access, it uses its private address to communicate with the router. It uses its public IP address to find the requested information when it receives the request. It will use its private IP address to forward the requested information to your device once it has received it.
What Type of Address is 192.168.49.1
The starting address for the subnet 192.168.49.0/24 is 192.168.49.1. It is a Class – C private IP address.
It can also be used as a default IP address. What makes it an even better choice than most other addresses is the fact that it’s the starting address in a subnet. It can also be used as a default address.
What Devices Use 192.168.49.1 As a Default IP address?
Our address isn’t the most commonly used default IP address. We don’t know any router (or any other piece of network equipment) that uses this address as a default IP. However, it is used by other devices.
192.168.49.1 is the default IP address of two devices – Q2 Wi-Fi Streaming Dongle and fake AnyCast dongle (a few versions of a fake AnyCast dongle). All fake AnyCast dongles that use the default gateway 192.168.49.1 are fake. Original AnyCast dongles use an alternative default IP address (192.168.203.1).
There are many differences between genuine and counterfeit AnyCast dongles. They differ not only in their packaging and default IP addresses. Performance is the most important difference (overheating, unstable screen mirroring and Wi-Fi issues). So, if you’re contemplating of purchasing the AnyCast dongle, make sure you get the genuine article.
Here’s how to set it up if you’ve already bought the phoney one and want to try it out.
How to set up fake AnyCast dongle using 192.168.49.1
STEP 1: Connect your dongle to the antenna and a USB cable. Connect your dongle to an HDMI input on your television. You can connect the USB cable directly to one of the USB ports on your TV if it has free USB ports and can give power through them. If your TV isn’t capable of powering the dongle, you’ll need to purchase a 5V/1A adaptor. The box does not include an adapter.
STEP 2 – Turn on the dongle and choose the appropriate source on your TV (select the right HDMI input). If everything is working well, you should see the welcome screen below.
Depending on which version of the fake AnyCast, the welcome screen might look slightly different.
STEP 3 – Once your turn it on, the dongle will create its own Wi-Fi network (it will become an access point). On the welcome screen, you will see the name and SSID of the network. At the top of this screen is also the password. Your phone (or computer) must be disconnected from your home Wi Fi and connected to the WiFi network created with your fake AnyCast Dongle. Refresh the list of available Wi-Fi networks and look for the name of your dongle’s Wi-Fi.
STEP 4 – After connecting your phone/PC to the Wi-Fi on your dongle, you must connect the dongle to your home Wi-Fi. To do so, go into the settings of your dongle. You must open your browser and type in the default IP address of your phoney AnyCast dongle to gain access to its settings. 192.168.49.1 is the IP address of our server. The settings window will appear after pressing Enter. You are not required to log in or anything. The options will show right away.
STEP 5 – The settings will vary depending on the version of your dongle.The image below shows how the settings screen appears on an original dongle. You may see a fake AnyCast with fewer options and a less slick appearance. You will need to look for the Internet option, or Scan option. The scan will show you available Wi-Fi networks. Once it has been found, connect your dongle. After the dongle is connected to your Wi Fi, you can close these settings and then connect your phone/PC directly to your Wi Fi.
Note:You can also use this tool to set up your original AnyCast Dongle and connect it with your home Wi-Fi. EZMira app (iOS/Android/Windows). You may have to disable the fake AnyCast dogles in order for the app not to work.