Many people either take internet security for granted or ignore it. This is also true for their wireless networks. Unless something terrible happens, very few people pay much attention to it. At that point it is usually too late. This is how your home security should look like.
You can leave your house unlocked and unprotected all the time, hoping that no one with malicious intent will attempt to break in. You have two options: a simple lock, or a strong, secure lock with a security system.
If you already know all of this and are only interested in learning how to set up the WPA3 protocol on your router, skip to the end. Continue reading if you want to learn the fundamentals of wireless security and what each area of the router’s admin panel means.
Basics of wireless network security
You create a wireless network every time you install a router wirelessly in your house or office. The network includes all devices that are connected to the router. You can choose to make it open or secure it, depending on your level of security.
If you choose not to close it, it will be visible to all people within the signal range. It will not be necessary to enter a password to join the network. This strategy can work if you’re confident that everyone who has access to the network has no malicious intent.
But, as we all know, this isn’t always the case. People came up with a way to improve the security of wireless networks. WEP, It stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy Protocol. This protocol was established in 1999. It was encrypted with a 40-bit key. Hackers quickly cracked it and made it obsolete.
A new solution was needed, and it was in the form WPA Wi-Fi Protected Acces. WPA used TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) encryption, which was better. TKIP was not as secure as WEP and was intended to be a backup until something better is developed. It was also susceptible to hacker attacks. This inspired the creation of WPA2 and the corresponding AES – Advanced Encryption Standard protocol.
WPA2 is sufficient security for most applications but has its limitations. The latest version. WPA3It was introduced in 2018 and offers the highest level of encryption and security to Wi-Fi networks.
WPA3 is the best choice.
It is, as we have already stated, the best option. However, unless you can afford to buy every Wi-Fi-connected gadget in your home brand new, there’s a considerable risk that some or all of your present equipment will not support WPA3. You’ll need to use it in conjunction with WPA2.
How can I set up the router to use WPA3 protocol?
To change settings on your router’s router, go to the Admin console.
To access the admin panel, every router manufacturer uses a different address. This default address is found on the sticker at the router’s back. It will be saved under the heading ‘default IP address.’ If your router’s default IP address isn’t stated on the back, search for the manufacturer name + default IP address on Google.
The default IP may be written as a domain or as a group of numbers in some cases (i.e.192.168.1.1). On the same sticker you’ll find the default username and password. You can either write them down or remember them.
Open any internet browser that is connected to your router and type the default IP address in the address bar. You don’t have to have internet access to do this part. The browser will open the IP address and display a login page. You’ll need the username/password you received on the sticker to proceed.
If you’ve followed the steps above, you should now have access to the Admin panel.
Each manufacturer has its own user interface. Even within the same company, they may differ greatly. However, you should still look for wireless security, wireless settings or wireless authentication.
You’ll know you are in the right place if you see all the acronyms mentioned in the text above (WPA, WPA2, WPA3, etc.) You have many choices.
Follow the instructions in Admin panel to restart the router and enable wireless security.
PSK stands to Pre-SharedKey. This option is preferred for the home and small office networks because it doesn’t require an authentication server.
You may need to select the settings for each antenna individually if your router supports dual-band frequencies. If this is the situation, choose WPA3 -PSK on 5GHz and WPA3/ WPA2-PSK at 2,4 GHz. This will allow older devices to connect to the 2,4GHz frequency, while your newer devices (made in 2019 or later) will be able access the 5GHz band.
If you need to connect a device produced before 2006 to the Wi-Fi network, you won’t be able to do so with only WPA3 enabled. If this is the case, you’ll need to employ a combination of settings, such as enabling WPA and encrypting with both TKIP and AES. Because WPA/TKIP is not as safe as WPA2/AES, these settings will reduce security.
In other words, on a 5GHz antenna, select WPA3-PSK/AES, while on a 2,4 GHz antenna, select WPA2/WPA-PSK/TKIP/AES.
Consider upgrading your network or devices if you don’t have a dual-band router and only have devices that are older than 2006. You can configure your router to use two mixed protocols, but not three. As a result, you won’t be able to use all versions of devices on your network while still maintaining WPA3 security.
Our internet security should be taken more seriously. Wireless networks are now an integral part our daily lives. Many people overlook the possibility that hackers could gain access to their private information and assets through their Wi-Fi networks. We need to all improve our wireless security. WPA3 security standard is the most recent in Wi-Fi.
You can access the Admin panel of your router to turn it on if it supports it.
This can be done by connecting to your router, and then entering a default IP address in the address bar of any web browser. To proceed, you will need to open a login window and enter your admin username. Note that you don’t need internet access for this.
The options you’re looking for should be under ‘wireless security Wireless authentification or authorization.’ Different manufacturers have different user interfaces, but they should all be under ‘wireless security Wireless authentification or authorization.
WPA3/WPA2-PSK encryption and AES encryption should both be checked. If any of the devices you use to connect to the Wi-Fi don’t support WPA3, you must keep WPA2 active.
If you configure your router solely for WPA3/WPA2, you won’t be able to connect your device to your network if it was made before 2006. If that’s the case, you might be able make it work with a dual band router.
These will enable you to configure the 2,4GHz Band for WPA2/PA2- PSK Security and TKIP/AES Encryption, while the 5GHz Band can be used for WPA3/AES.
The only thing left to do is to follow these instructions from the Admin panel.