Email Phishing, Vishing & Other Types of Attacks
Phishing refers to an online scam in which criminals pretend to be legitimate organizations by sending them email, text messages, or using other methods to steal their sensitive information. This usually involves a link appearing to take you directly to the company’s website. However, the site is a clever fake. The scammers will steal your personal information.
Find out why phishing works and what makes us click.
Phishing is a term that refers to the practice of stealing information. This happens because criminals use a fake lure (an email, website, or ad with a legitimate appearance) to get users to “bite”. will provide the information requested by the criminals. Credit card numbers, passwords, usernames, and other valuable information.
If you’re like most people you think you know how to spot phishing attacks before you fall for them. Here are some reasons you might be wrong:
11 Types Of Phishing Attacks
Phishing has developed into many sophisticated tactics since its inception in 1987. This attack is constantly evolving as digital technology advances and continues to find new vulnerabilities.
Here are 11 types of phishing that are the most widespread:
Standard Email Phishing This is the most well-known form of phishing. It attempts to steal sensitive data via email appearing to come from a legitimate company. This attack is not targeted and can be carried out in masse.
Malware Phishing This attack uses the same techniques used in email phishing and encourages victims to click a link or download an attachment to install malware on their device. This is the most widespread form of phishing.
Spear Phishing– While most phishing attacks are broad-based, spearphishing is highly targeted and well-researched. It focuses on business executives and other high-paying targets.
Phishing SMS-enabled phishing sends malicious short links via SMS to smartphone users. These are often disguised under account notices, prize notifications, and political messages.
Search Engine Phishing– This type of attack involves cybercriminals setting up fraudulent websites to collect personal data, and make direct payments. These websites can appear in search results for popular keywords or as paid advertisements.
Vishing– Vishing is a malicious caller pretending to be from tech support or another organization. They are trying to obtain personal information such as banking and credit card information.
Pharming– Also known as DNS poisoning, this is a sophisticated form of phishing that uses the internet’s Domain Name System (DNS). Pharming redirects legitimate web traffic to a spoofed page, often to steal sensitive information.
Clone Phishing– This type of attack involves a shady actor who compromises an individual’s email account. He makes changes to an email by replacing a legitimate attachment, link, or another element with a malicious version and then sends it to his contacts to spread the infection.
Man in the Middle Attack A man-in-the-middle attack is when an eavesdropper monitors correspondence between two parties. These attacks are usually carried out by creating fake public WiFi networks in coffee shops, shopping centers, and other public places. Once he is connected, the man in the middle can phish or push malware onto devices.
BEC – Business Email Compromise is a fake email claiming to be from a target company. It requests urgent action such as wire money or gift card purchases. This tactic was responsible for nearly half of all cybercrime-related losses in 2019.
Malvertising This type of phishing uses digital ad software to publish otherwise ordinary-looking ads with malicious code embedded within.
Phishing examples: How can you spot the scam?
These attacks are quite clever, it’s true. These types of phishing are effective because they work. Let’s look at two of the most common attacks.
Anatomy of an Email Scam
Below is a fake Charles Schwab notice that claims the recipient has been locked out of his account. To regain access, he must update it. These are clues that this email scam is a fraud:
The email was not sent to the recipient. Charles Schwab would have known the name of the recipient if they were genuinely notifying them about an account issue.
They don’t even know the name of the recipient. “Dear Customer” doesn’t serve as an identifier.
The recipient has not attempted to sign in to a Schwab account. Therefore, the maximum number of attempts permitted is not exceeded.
Grammatical errors are: Online Banking is capitalized throughout the text. And, if you read carefully, the text says “Please visit www.schwab.com/activate Reset Account your account” which clearly doesn’t make sense, but since most people scan emails, grammatical errors that are this small usually don’t get noticed.
They attempt to reassure recipients by asking them to confirm that the email is from Schwab ….. using a link provided.
The sixth flag shows the real email address that is displayed when you hover your cursor over any link on the page. This flag is red in itself and a red flag because it indicates the company’s intention to have all these actions point at the same link. The website is actually http://almall.us. To appear legitimate, the scammer added /schwab.com/ to their website’s real name. However, this site is not legitimate.
Any one of these flaws will tell you that the email is phishing. But what if they aren’t?
These errors could have been corrected by a smarter scammer, who would have known the recipient’s email address and convincingly masked their URL. The message would not have been alarming if they did a better job. It would still be fake.
Avoiding Phone Scams
Are you getting calls from “Windows Tech Support” lately? These are likely to be scammers as this is a common vishing attack. In 2018, it accounted for nearly 30% of all mobile phone calls.
Vishing, as we have discussed, is a technique to steal sensitive information via the phone. To steal your account information, attackers may pretend to be from your bank or tech support.
These are the five best ways to avoid being vanished.
- Do not answer unknown calls, even if the number seems local.
- Don’t give personal information to them over the phone if they ask.
- You can use a caller-ID app but you shouldn’t completely trust it.
- To determine if the caller is a scam, you can search for their phone number online.
- To confirm the claim, visit the vendor’s site or call directly.
There are two ways to all but guarantee you don’t fall for any phishing scam
These two steps will keep you safe from online scams.
Do not click. Don’t click on a link that is not yours. Instead, use a bookmark or search engine to navigate to the website. If the email address is genuine, you will be able to log in to your account at the legitimate website with the same information. This is the only way to ensure you land on the correct site.
You can use the phone number or link in email, IMs, blogs, forums, voicemails, etc. It is up to them to decide where and who you speak with. Although the website or “bank manager” they call you from may seem convincing, if you give your information away it will be misused and stolen.
A browser filtering extension is a good idea. You can use browser extensions to grade search engine results based on known characteristics and behaviors. This extension may also prevent you from accessing malicious websites. Sites will generally be rated on a scale of safe to suspicious to high-risk.
What to do if you’ve been purged
You should immediately change all your passwords if you suspect you have fallen for a phishing scam. Cybercriminals may be able to gain access to other accounts you have on common sites since most people use the same password across multiple sites. We hope this is not the case.
Dashlane reports that Americans have an average of 130 online accounts. It is difficult to remember strong passwords without writing them down or using simple formulas – both of these are risky.
You don’t have to gamble on your password security. Instead, you can consider using a password manager. They allow you to easily store your passwords and enable encrypted auto-filling for login forms.
Top antivirus solutions include integrated password management, so you can protect all your devices and passwords from one location.